Ethiopia ISD Calling code is +251
The origin of the color base of the flag of Ethiopia is shrouded in mystery. One possible interpretation says that the colors green, yellow and red are referring to the colors of the rainbow, which is not unusual phenomenon in Ethiopia at all – it can be found at the waterfalls on the Blue Nile almost permanently. The apparent resemblance to the flag of Bolivia is most likely just a coincidence. Since Ethiopia is the oldest sovereign state in Africa, the tricolor was later adopted by a number of newly emerging countries with reference to this fact. Moreover, the flag of Ethiopia carries a national emblem that has been added in 1996 and which shows a yellow pentagram with five rays located in a blue circle. This symbol is to remind that all Ethiopians stands equal.
Most visitors start their Ethiopian odyssey in the capital Addis Ababa, a lively city nestling in the lofty Entoto Mountains. Founded in 1886 by Emperor Menelik II after his wife Empress Taytu chose the site for its hot mineral springs, Addis Ababa has enjoyed a fascinating transformation over a relatively short period of time. The city is now a hub of international missions and embassies, including the headquarters of the African Union and the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).
Few linger long in the Ethiopian capital, choosing instead to head north to Lalibela, a pilgrimage site famed for its ancient churches which have quite literally been hewn out of a cliff. Lalibela is one of nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ethiopia. Other notables include the ancient Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum), the fairytale castle of Gondar, the walled city of Harar, the Konso cultural landscape, the prehistoric sites of Awash and Omo valleys, the mysterious stelae of Tiya and the spectacular Simien National Park where the indigenous Gelada baboon and Walia Ibex thrive.
|Capital city||Addis Ababa|
|Total area||1,104,300 km2|
|Highest point||Ras Dejen (4,550 m)|
|GDP||$ 1,256 (IMF, 2012)|
|Currency||ethiopian birr (ETB)|
|ISD Calling code||+251|
|How to Dial||Please Add 00 or + as Prefix to these Codes|